The Stomach Contents of Prey

Answers: The Stomach Contents of Prey

I've read that cats get some nutrients and roughage from the stomach contents of their prey. But, I have also read that cats will avoid eating the stomach and intestines of larger prey, such as rabbits. Do cats benefit from eating the stomach contents of small prey such as mice, or is it just unavoidable? If it is providing some benefit, should something be supplemented in raw food to make sure cats are getting everything they need?
 
Cats tend to consume the whole of a small prey animal like a mouse, with its tiny amount of fermented stomach content. I have seen cats eat the stomach content of larger prey like rabbits, and I have also seen them leave it. The stomach content of an herbivore, such as a mouse or rabbit, contains fermented vegetable matter which is a mix of symbiotic bacteria and volatile fatty acids.¹ The VFAs become the energy source for the herbivorous animal and the symbiotic bacteria. In turn, the symbiotic bacteria keep the intestinal mucosa healthy.
 
So, for a cat, the consumption of fermented gut content from a mouse or rabbit aids in the management of the cat's own intestinal flora. The intestinal flora in turn maintains the integrity of the mucosal surface. It is likely the VFAs contribute little as an energy source to the cat, but the bacterial load is likely very beneficial.² The microorganisms perform a host of useful functions: preventing the growth of harmful bacteria, producing vitamins for the host such as biotin and vitamin K and maintaining the integrity of the mucosal surface of the gut.³
 
For a cat hunting and consuming prey, he will get this dose of beneficial bacteria naturally when he consumes the entire prey. If he is free ranging and digs in soil to do his toileting, he may then consume small amounts of soil bacteria when grooming himself or may eat plant matter that has a bacterial load. These bacteria are beneficial in the same way that stomach content bacteria are.
 
If he is an indoor cat, he may consume an equivalent to the stomach content in his ground commercial raw diet. In some countries, green tripe is added to the ground mix. Green tripe is the unwashed stomach and its content from a ruminant animal such as a sheep or cow. Green tripe contains fermented grass full of VFAs and symbiotic bacteria. If you are formulating a diet at home, you can grow grasses in pots for your cats to chew on and get their fix of soil bacteria.
 
 
Beneficial bacteria can also be given as probiotic supplements. For cats, it is rarely necessary to provide a probiotic supplement, but it can be important if your cat has recently been on antibiotics or has a digestive upset. Probiotic supplements come in powders, capsules and pastes and usually contain a combination of symbiotic bacteria.
 
Note: The Feline Nutrition Education Society provides feline health and nutrition information as a public service. Diagnosis and treatment of specific conditions should always be in consultation with your own veterinarian. The Feline Nutrition Education Society disclaims all warranties and liability related to the veterinary advice and information provided on this site.
 
If you have a question, please send it to 547938808a7d7e553a857981848c875279868b8f7d8a8b587e7d8481867d45868d8c8a818c81878646878a7f3a5679868b8f7d8a8b587e7d8481867d45868d8c8a818c81878646878a7f5447795646 ubzvCmUmLl8XNo7a79bYnJHB78IGJFF caesar This page part is protected against spam bots and web crawlers. In order to be displayed you need to enable Javascript in your browser, and then reload the page. While we cannot answer all questions individually, if your question would be helpful to others, we may post it in Answers.
 
Dr. Lyn Thomson trained at the University of Bristol in England and is studying with the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. A dedicated and experienced advocate of bio-appropriate nutrition, Lyn practices in Auckland, New Zealand. Her Raw Essentials stores have grown to six retail locations, providing a variety of raw diet products for cats and dogs.
 
  1. "Animal Structure and Function," The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
  2. B.P. Brosey, R.C. Hill and K.C. Scott, "Gastrointestinal Volatile Fatty Acid Concentrations and pH in Cats," American Journal of Veterinary Research 61, no. 4, April 2000, 359-361.
  3. R. Fuller, "Probiotics in Man and Animals," The Journal of Applied Bacteriology 66, no. 5, May 1989, 365-378.

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